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TUESDAY, JULY 25, 2017
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Category: Economy

BBC – NORTH KOREA out of the north

BBC WORLD NEWS – KOREA: out of the north, a full length documentary about the lives of North Korean stowaways, going out from North Korea and going to the neighbor country China.

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BBC – NORTH KOREA out of the north
(Video hosted on Youtube.)

the documentary faces not only one case study, but various people. most of the stowaways are working at the near provinces of China to make a living. some goes to the extent of selling their bodies as sex workers, posing a Chinese-Korean so that no will know that they are illegally settling in China. the documentary also shows the struggles of North Korean just to go to South Korea. there are two ways of getting to South Korea illegally from North Korea, first is if you have money, you can make a fake Chinese passport, go to Bangkok and go to the South Korean Embassy. or if you don’t have money, you can take the train to the boarder of Laos and China, then take a 3 days hike up on the mountains going to the Mekong river (the boarder of Laos and Thailand) and cross the river and go to the South Korean Embassy. a grueling 10 days.

States of Independence – Senegal

Senegal, a country on Western-most edge of the African continent with a predominantly Muslim nation of 12 million, has a fully functioning democracy, and has largely escaped incidents of separatist violence that have hampered the progress of several of its neighbours. But Senegal is not without its problems. Its economy has recently faltered, due in part to the relative scarcity of natural resources, and there are suggestions that its cherished tradition of democracy is under threat, with the president allegedly grooming his son to succeed him.

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Africa … States of Independence – Senegal
(Video hosted on Youtube.)

ouched between the arid desert lands in Northern Senegal and lush tropical forests in the south, this country boasts a stunning array of sights, sounds and flavours. The capital Dakar alone hands you the country in a capsule. Perched on the tip of a beach-lined peninsula, this dizzying city is composed elegance and street hustle all rolled into one. The busy streets, vibrant markets and glittering nightlife will easily draw you into their relentless rhythm, but the escape route is always open – be it to the meditative calm of the historical Île de Gorée or the golden sands of Yoff and N’Gor. And if Dakar’s sensory overload really gets too much, architecturally beautiful Saint-Louis, the first French settlement in West Africa, boasts a vibrant urban culture without the inner-city bustle. Most visitors head to Senegal for its beaches, and for good reason. North and south of Dakar, wide strips of white sand invite swimming and sunbathing, whether in the built-up resort zones, where a lazy day at the beach can be followed by a cocktail trail at night, or in one of the coast’s charming fishing villages, the beaches of which are dotted with hundreds of colourful wooden pirogues. At the deltas of the Casamance and Saloum Rivers, the coastline is broken up into a maze of thick mangroves, tiny creeks, wide lagoons and shimmering plains. A pirogue trip through these striking zones reveals hundreds of bird species, from the gleaming wings of tiny kingfishers to the proud poise of pink flamingos. Whether you want to mingle with the trendsetters of urban Africa, or be alone with your thoughts and the sounds of nature – Senegal is the place to be.

States of Independence – Congo

A look at the current state of the DRC’s capital, Kinshasa: its broken infrastructure and institutions, its terrifying development indicators, its rampant poverty. Is the “great new country” Lumumba envisioned about to awaken, or is the sleeping giant malevolent?

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Africa … States of Independence – DR Congo
(Video hosted on Youtube.)

ore a geographical concept than a fully fledged nation, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC, formerly Zaïre) is a bubbling cauldron of untamed wilderness carpeted by swathes of rainforest and punctuated by gushing rivers and smoking volcanoes. Rendered almost ungovernable by the central administration in Kinshasa, the country remains closed to all but the most brave-hearted travellers. The nation’s history reads like something out of Dante’s Inferno – from the brazen political folly of King Leopold of Belgium to the hideously corrupt ‘kleptocracy’ of maverick megalomaniac Mobutu Sese Seko, and the blood-stained battlegrounds of Africa’s first ‘world war’. The DRC isn’t all failed politics and wasted natural resources, however. Somewhere in the midst of this proverbial heart of darkness lies a lumbering African giant. With ground-b­reaking national elections in July 2006 giving voice to 60 million shell-shocked inhabitants, a corner may have been turned. Despite early post-election violence in Kinshasa, incumbent president Joseph Kabila took office in October 2006 under the watchful eye of the world’s largest UN peacekeeping force. In some senses, the future can only get better. With five Unesco biospheres, whole ecosystems of teeming wildlife and an estimated US$24 trillion of untapped mineral capacity lying underneath the ground, it goes without saying that the country’s potential is breathtaking.

Cuba after Castro

Fidel Castro came to power in Cuba on December 31, 1959. Expropriation, nationalization of the industry and the departure of more than two and a half million Cubans followed. It has been a long spell for Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz born in August 13th 1926. He has been in power in Cuba since 1959, but today he will resign his post to be replaced by someone else.
That person is likely Fidel’s brother Raul, but that will not be confirmed until the end of the day. Raul has been acting President of Cuba since July 31st 2006 when Fidel became reclusive after surgery so chances for him are good. Question is: Will Cuba change under Raul, or will it be an extension of Fidel and his dictatorship? Time will tell.

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(Video hosted on Youtube & VPRO – Backlight)
Cuba after Castro

ut also the advancement of health care and education, and a continuing struggle to turn Cuba into an ideal communist state. In Miami the great countdown has begun. The Cubans who have fled the socialist experiment over the past 45 years have faith again. The momentum is there, or at least close, so the exiles in Miami hope. They’ll soon be able to take possession of Cuba again and start reconstruction, from communist utopia to Caribbean investment paradise. In Miami, where 1.2 million Cuban exiles live, Cuban organizations, companies and people are ready for the post-Castro era. This documentary takes stock of the scenarios people in Miami envision for Cuba after Castro and of thepossible consequences for the island and its inhabitants.

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born August 13, 1926) is a Cuban politician, one of the primary leaders of the Cuban Revolution, the Prime Minister of Cuba from February 1959 to December 1976, and then the President of the Council of State of Cuba until his resignation from the office in February 2008. He is currently the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba.

Castro was born into a wealthy family and acquired a law degree. While studying at Havana University, he began his political career and became a recognized figure in Cuban politics. His political career continued with nationalist critiques of Fulgencio Batista, and of the United States’ political and corporate influence in Cuba. He gained an ardent, but limited, following and also drew the attention of the authorities. He eventually led the failed 1953 attack on the Moncada Barracks, after which he was captured, tried, incarcerated, and later released. He then traveled to Mexico to organize and train for an assault on Batista’s Cuba. He and his fellow revolutionaries left Mexico for the East of Cuba in December 1956.

Castro came to power as a result of the Cuban revolution that overthrew the U.S.-backed dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista, and shortly thereafter became Prime Minister of Cuba. In 1965 he became First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba and led the transformation of Cuba into a one-party socialist republic. In 1976 he became President of the Council of State as well as of the Council of Ministers. He also held the supreme military rank of Comandante en Jefe (“Commander in Chief”) of the Cuban armed forces. Castro has been portrayed as a dictator in spite of his disapproval of dictatorships.

Following intestinal surgery from an undisclosed digestive illness believed to have been diverticulitis,[10] Castro transferred his responsibilities to the First Vice-President, his younger brother Raúl Castro, on July 31, 2006. On February 19, 2008, five days before his mandate was to expire, he announced he would neither seek nor accept a new term as either president or commander-in-chief. On February 24, 2008, the National Assembly elected Raúl Castro to succeed him as the President of Cuba.

Great Wall Across the Yangtze

Two million Chinese are displaced by the construction of the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River. When finished, the Three Gorges Dam will produce the energy of 15 nuclear power plants and tame some of the river’s deadliest floods. To China’s leaders, the dam is the greatest engineering feat since the construction of the Great Wall, but to critics worldwide, it is a social and environmental disaster. As the debate rages on, GREAT WALL ACROSS THE YANGTZE tells a complex story of extraordinary sacrifice in the face of modernization.

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(Video hosted on Youtube & PBS)
Great Wall Across the Yangtze

et against the backdrop of China’s stunning Three Gorges region, GREAT WALL ACROSS THE YANGTZE tells the story of a legendary river that today faces its greatest challenge. In 1994, the People’s Republic of China ordered the damming of the Yangtze with a massive wall of concrete and steel – a 15-year project that will create the world’s largest dam and hydroelectric power plant.

Shooting without government authorization, filmmaker Ellen Perry penetrates the heartland of China to uncover the unique heritage and beauty of this great river and to understand the profound changes the dam will bring to China’s people. The film ushers viewers to the stunning Three Gorges region where a complex tale of China’s quest for modernization unfolds.

Using archival footage and expert engineering testimony, GREAT WALL examines the government’s case for the massive dam before investigating the monumental impact it will have on the people, the environment and the priceless archeological sites of the region. To China’s leaders, the Three Gorges dam will propel the nation’s economy into the 21st century. The project promises significant power generation along with improved flood control and safer navigation. But it will also turn riverbank cities into freshwater Atlantises, forcing over a million people to leave their homes forever.

Form: PBS

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