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Archive for February, 2009

Vietnam’s invasion of Kampuchea

After killing as far many million Cambodian people as they could in their mysterious names of Angkar Leur/Cap Tren and are to send their illegal Yuon settlers to live in Cambodia freely and happily as their dirty plan in the future. They also tried to kills as far many best units of Khmer Rouge as they could so that their masters in Hanoi can send their troops to rescue Cambodian victims from their mysterious names of Angkar Leur/Cap Tren and Party showing the evidences to the world and Cambodians that they came here to save Cambodians’ lives from the Khmer Rouge.

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Vietnam’s invasion of Kampuchea

nd almost of us Khmer victims who are terribly misled that Yuon troops came here to rescue us from their Angkar Leur/Cap Tren and Party. Then we all thank Yuon troops to invade our country. And very few people at the UN headquarter in New York condemned Yuon invasion of Cambodia. There is no other race on earth can commit crimes like Yuon can and then they can conceal their One Million Super-Dirty-Demonic Genocidal Plans very well in the eyes of the world and Cambodian people.

Khmer Rouge deployed huge troops for reprisal but Khmer Rouge didn’t know that Vietnamese had hidden so many thousand troops in Cambodia for a long time since the French colonial period living brightly under the Vietnamese associations. Vietnamese Associations were in these areas had procreated many children with the indigenous minorities…. Vietnamese migrants lived here, total numbers were about 350,000 from villages to others like the villages of Kaneukanghot, Phnom Vay Chap, Phnom Sampeou to the Kvak, along the bank of Kvak in Battambang.

The Kvak was a big base of secret Yuon soldiers. Ong Thouy, a Yuon political commander-in-chief, and under-Commander Ta Chich and Nguyen Son, the chief of Army to Battambang, Siemreap, Kompong Thom since the French colonial period. Nguyen Son, knows Khmer, Siamese and French, was ordained as a Buddhist monk and was a witch. And then Yuon Vietminh formed a puppet organization “Khmer-Vietminh” as hands-legs to control our Khmer country. Thap Ngieng, was the general of Army, Khmer-Vietminh, to Battambang, Siemreap, Kompong Thom since the French colonial period, positioned in the village of Khnachromeas.

We would like to tell that Thap Ngieng, the leader of Khmer-Vietminh, who appointed Pol Pot (Salot Sar) to be in charge of 3000 men in 1957. At that time, Thap Ngieng ordered Tea Banh (the present minister of national defence) who was the secret messenger to guide 60 men to study the Army’s technics in Laos for helping Vietnamese attack Laos during Laos was having unrest of coup d’etat.

Cambodia – Banteay Srei

A little more than 20 km north of Angkor, almost at the foot of the Kulen Mountains, sits the remarkable small temple of Banteay Srei. The name, relatively modern, means ‘Citadel of the Women, or perhaps ‘Citadel of Beauty’, and presumably refers to its size and the delicacy of its decoration. The temple’s actual name, taken from that of its central linga, was Tribhuvanamahesvara – ‘Great Lord of the Threefold World.

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“Angkor – Cambodia”

nlike the major sites at Angkor, Banteay Srei was not a royal temple. It was built by one of Rajendravarman’s counsellors, Yajnavaraha, who was also the guru of the future king Jayavarman V. Yajnavaraha was granted this land on the banks of the upper Siem Reap river by the king. He and his younger brother commissioned the temple, which was finished just a year before King Rajendravarman died. As usual, a settlement surrounded the temple; in this case, the name of the small city was Isvarapura. Routinely described in gushing terms as the ‘Jewel of Khmer Art’, Banteay Srei is nevertheless a temple of great beauty, and compares with little else in Angkor. Its miniature scale almost always surprises visitors, and the near-total decoration of its surfaces is exceptional. Discovered by the French only in 1914 (it escaped the attention of both Aymonier and Lunet de la Jonquiere), it achieved an early notoriety when Andre Malraux, who later wrote Man’s Fate and was Minister of Culture under the de Gaulle administration, removed four apsaras in 1923. He was caught almost immediately and the pieces recovered. The restoration of the temple between 1931 and 1936 by Marchal was notable for the first significant use at Angkor of the technique of anastylosis, adopted from the Dutch work in the East Indies.

Facing east, Banteay Srei is arranged in three concentric enclosures, each offset slightly towards the W. These are approached, from the E, by a 67m-long causeway, but there is no trace of the usual earth bank that would have marked the limits of the town around the temple -only one spacious outer gopura opening onto the causeway marks the the eastern boundary. Possibly, a wooden palisade formed the outer enclosure, which would probably have been about 500m square.

The outermost (third) enclosure measures 95 x 110m, with a laterite wall and gopuras on the E and W. Inside this is a moat divided by two causeways on the E and W. The two inner enclosures are much closer together, measuring 38 x 42m and 24 x 24m, and the space between them taken up almost completely by six ‘long galleries’, two longer ones on the N and S sides, four shorter flanking the gopuras on the E and W.

The innermost (first) enclosure had a brick wall, with a single gopura on the E and on the W. However, the central entrance of the latter was closed to create a shrine and entry was on either side. A raised terrace at its centre carries the three sanctuary towers, arranged in a N-S line, and a mandapa connected to the central tower by an antarala. Two ‘libraries’ in the NE and SE corners complete the ensemble.

Ethiopia – The Omo Valley

Ethiopia is like no other place in Africa. Some of the isolated animist tribes who have lived there for centuries are still unaware that they reside in a country called Ethiopia. In this episode, Art ventures into the Omo Valley, Ethiopia’s nearly inaccessible and richest tribal zone. After enduring muddy, impassable roads and swollen rivers, he makes his way to the Hamer, Karo and remote Surma tribes. He documents the tribes’ unique body painting, elaborate adornments and timeless ceremonies.

Travels to the Edge with Art Wolfe

Ethiopia: The Omo Valley

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“Travels to the Edge with Art Wolfe”
Ethiopia: The Omo Valley

he Omo is an important river of southern Ethiopia. Its most important tributary is the Gibe River; smaller tributaries include the Wabi, Mago and Gojeb Rivers. This river rises in the Shoan highlands and is a perennial river with many affluents. According to the Statistical Abstract of Ethiopia for 1967/68, the Omo River is 760 kilometers long. In its course it has a total fall of about 6000 ft (2,000 m), from an elevation of 7600 ft at its source to 1600 ft at lake-level, and is consequently a very rapid stream, being broken by the Kokobi and other falls, and navigable only for a short distance above where it empties into Lake Turkana, one of the lakes of the Great Rift Valley. The Omo River formed the eastern boundaries for the former kingdoms of Janjero, and Garo. The Omo also flows past the Mago and Omo National Parks, which are known for their wildlife.

The lower valley of the Omo is unlike any other place on Earth in that so many different types of people inhabit such a small bit of land. Experts believe that for thousands of years it was a crossroads of a wide assortment of cultures where early humans of many different ethnicities passed as they migrated from and to lands in every direction.[citation needed] To this day, the cultures and people of the Lower Valley of the Omo are studied for their incredible diversity. The entire Omo river basin is also important geologically and archaeologically. Several hominid fossils and archaeological locatities, dating to the Pliocene and Pleistocene, have been excavated by French and American teams. Fossils belonging to the genera Australopithecine and Homo have been found at several archaeological sites, as well as tools made from quartzite, the oldest of which date back to about 2.4 million years ago. Because of this, the site was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980. When they were discovered it was thought that the tools may have been part of a so-called pre-Oldowan industry, even more primitive than what was found in the Oldupai Gorge. Later research has shown that the crude looks of the tools were in fact caused by very poor raw materials, and that the techniques used and the shapes permit their inclusion in the Oldowan.

Ethiopia is like no other place in Africa. Some of the isolated animist tribes who have lived there for centuries are still unaware that they reside in a country called Ethiopia. In this episode, Art ventures into the Omo Valley, Ethiopia’s nearly inaccessible and richest tribal zone. After enduring muddy, impassable roads and swollen rivers, he makes his way to the Hamer, Karo, and remote Surma tribes. He documents the tribes’ unique body painting, elaborate adornments, and timeless ceremonies.

Geoffrey Oryema – Makambo

There’s a quiet, contemplative side to African music, and it is from this lineage that Geoffrey Oryema’s music emerges. Although his musical roots lie in Uganda, his work has been inspired by a myriad of influences, including those from other regions of Africa, a complete understanding of Western pop music and the need to define his own unique musical identity. Singing in both English and Acholi, Geoffrey possesses a silky-smooth, sumptuous voice that can flow from lower to upper registers like water. His songs range from moody ballads to tender soul musings – an orchestral mix of organic and electronic music.

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Performed by Geoffrey Oryema

is third album NIGHT TO NIGHT, plays like a 24-hour daydream induced by the fleeting, idyllic memory of late nights in the bars of Kampala where everything seems possible. One daydream leads to another in a round of songs setting the music to Geoffrey’s entire life – from the memory of warm and colorful childhood evenings in the Ugandan countryside to the grief of old wounds inflicted by the brutal regime forced upon his country in his youth.
Geoffrey’s music is as affecting as his personal history. Growing up in war-torn Uganda during the height of Idi Amin’s Reign of Terror, Geoffrey was the son of a governmental minister. Every night as a child in Kampala, Geoffrey would sit by his father’s side and listen to him playing the nanga, a seven-string harp. He was lucky enough to grow up absorbing both the folk music of his culture through traditional routes and Western techniques through his schooling. However his family’s position in Uganda’s ruling class proved disastrous. In February 1977, at the age of twenty-four, Geoffrey’s father was secretly assassinated and Geoffrey was forced to spend hours in the trunk of a car until he crossed the border safely into Kenya. Today, exiled in France, Oryema has emerged as the one of the most respected songwriters in Paris.
His previous two Real World albums have been hailed by critics as near-perfect documentations of a musical genius. EXILE, produced by Brian Eno and featuring Peter Gabriel on backing vocals, is a deeply affecting, introspective piece. Geoffrey’s sophomore release, BEAT THE BORDER, surrounds Oryema’s soothing vocals with a spacious and virginal bed of synthesized and acoustic sounds. It was with BEAT THE BORDER that Geoffrey became one of the first world musicians to crossover into mainstream markets. Spending twelve weeks in the Top 10 on the Billboard World Music Chart, it was also one of the first world music albums to chart on commerical Adult Radio. Geoffrey has performed on NBC’s Today Show, on the WOMAD 1993 and 1994 U.S. Tours, the 1994 Reebok Human Rights Awards and the 1995 Rainforest Foundation International Benefit.

Every night, as a child in Kampala, Geoffrey Oryema would sit by his father’s side and listen to him playing the nanga, a seven-string harp. He was lucky enough to grow up absorbing both the folk music of his culture through traditional routes, and western techniques through his schooling. His father was a minister in Idi Amin’s goverment and the family’s position in Uganda’s ruling class proved disastrous. Geoffrey was twenty-four in February 1977 when his father was secretly assassinated.

Explore – Simon Reeve

Explore – 2009 – a new TV series in which Simon and a team of BBC presenters travel to some of the most exotic and extreme locations on earth. Explore blends travel with current affairs to get under the skin of some fascinating countries. Don’t just visit…Explore!

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Simon Reeve

rogramme One – EXPLORE: PATAGONIA TO THE PAMPAS – January 25th 9pm BBC2
In the first episode Simon and the team embark on a journey across Argentina, from the foothills of the Andes in Patagonia, through the exotic capital Buenos Aires to the wide open plains of the Pampas.
The team encounters a country in constant economic flux, with massive inequalities, and a recent history of brutal dictatorship. In the stunning wilderness of Patagonia in the south, Simon investigates an historic land dispute between the indigenous Mapuche Indians and the country’s biggest land owner – Italian fashion giants Benetton. Tanya Datta visits the Glaciers National Park and within the awe inspiring ice fields encounters apparently conflicting evidence of climate change. In Buenos Aires Adil Ray enters a notorious shanty town where residents are holding out against rapacious property developers in South America’s most European Capital.
In the lush green Pampas the traditional Gaucho way of life is facing extinction in a farming revolution which is seeing huge tracts of land turned over to the production of Soy for export to China. It’s part of a global phenomenon that has forced up food prices, particularly effecting the world’s poor.
On the way we witness the excitement and tension of one of the world’s great football matches, and a bizarre tale of intrigue among the penguin colonies of the South Atlantic. It’s a portrait of a country that reflects many of the social and political issues facing South America as well as the colour and humour of this vibrant region.

Programme Two – EXPLORE: AFRICA’S RIFT VALLEY – February 1st 9pm BBC2
Simon embarks on an epic journey down the ancient Rift Valley of East Africa, from the little known red sea enclave of Djibouti, through Ethiopia to the wide open plains of Kenya, accompanied by fellow presenters Tanya Datta and Emeka Onono.
Theey encounter landscapes of great beauty and some of the world’s most extraordinary wildlife. Simon discovers that sleepy Djibouti has got some powerful friends as he visits camp Lemonia, America’s only military base in Africa and HQ of Africom – a new front in the war on terror. Tanya visits the mountains of Ethiopia to investigate the boom ing trade in Khat – a narcotic leaf widely chewed in this part of the World. Ethiopia is infamous for one thing – hunger – and even in the fertile Rift Valley in the South, amid farms exporting broccoli to the West, Simon encounters a Medicine Sans Frontier hospital treating hundreds of of malnourished children, victims of the so called green famine. In Kenya, Emeka investigates the aftermath of last years election violence and discovers that the fragile peace in only skin deep.
On the way we visit conservation projects – where crocodiles are farmed for skin and lions are tracked by Masai warriors – and an inspiring project in Nairobi’s slums.

Programme Three – EXPLORE: ISTANBUL TO ANATOLIA – February 8th 9pm BBC2
The team Explores a country which marks the border between East and West, where Islam comes up against the European Union. This is a country of rich culture and great beauty, but a place of huge contradictions. From the metropolitan centre of Istanbul to the border with Iraq Turkey almost defies description.
Simon investigates how a country which cherishes religious freedom in its constitution still crushes freedom of speech through the notorious Article 301, and how the Kurdish region is still locked in tension with government. British Muslim Adil Ray embarks on an unlikely pastime – Wild Boar hunting – and discovers a liberal attitude to Islam unfamiliar in many countries. But is this all changing with the openly Islamic Government in power? Jenny Kleeman Visits the awe inspiring ancient ruins of the Mediterranean coast, but finds that archaeologists are battling against tomb robbers who sell treasures abroad.
Along the way we search for the bears that are threatening Turkey’s huge honey industry and a woman who wears a wig to get round the ban on head scarves in university. And from the ‘fairy chimneys’ of Cappadocia to the vast valley of the Tigris this is a country of richly diverse landscapes.

Programme Four – EXPLORE: MANILA TO MINDANAO – February 15th 9pm BBC2
A vast archipelago of more than 7,000 Islands, this week the Explore team visits the Philippines. The only Christian country in Asia, behind the beautiful rice terraces, the lush jungle and the tropical beaches, this is a country on the edge.
Simon sets off from the North of the Islands, in the spectacular rice terraces of Banaue, a Unesco World Heritage which is threatened by climate change and giant worms and asks why the country is the world’s largest importer of rice. Seyi Rhodes sets out to discover the fate of the Sea Gypsies, nomadic fishermen who have been forced onto land by piracy, and also uncovers the furious debate over contraception in a Catholic country with a rocketing population. Katya Adler visits the volatile island of Mindanao in the south of the country where a Muslim separatist movement is locked in conflict with the Philippines Army.
On the way we uncover Manila, a sprawling and growing metropolis with a passion for cock fighting and nightlife. Here the military has a terrible reputation for disposing with its enemies and Simon meets a man whose life is under threat, as well as a former General, known as ‘The Butcher’ accused of being behind the extra judicial killings.
Vast and vibrant, the Philippines are an exciting backdrop for a journey into some of the problems that plague developing countries around the world.

Tropic of Cancer

After the success of his Tropic of Capricorn and Equator adventures, Simon Reeve completes his trilogy of journeys around the beautiful Tropics region with his greatest, most ambitious challenge yet: the Tropic of Cancer. Starting on the Pacific coast of Mexico, Simon is following the Tropic of Cancer, the northern border of the Tropics region, almost 23,000 miles east on a journey blending travel with current affairs. It is a thrilling adventure with a clear purpose: to explore the northern edge of the Tropics, the most important, turbulent, endangered, violent and biodiverse region of our world. The journey will take Simon through 20 extraordinary countries, ranging from Mexico and Mali, to Bangladesh and the Bahamas. This epic trip, for broadcast as a 6 x 1 hour series, includes mountains, deserts and some of the most beautiful and remote parts of the planet.

Coming soon….. in 2010!

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