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Archive for November, 2007

Dassanech Tribe

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Explorer Bruce Parry reveals more remarkable secrets of indigenous peoples. He spends time living within the cultures and participates in sometimes gruelling initiation ceremonies. Bruce Parry learns the secrets of tribal people. Here, he concludes his three-month expedition through a remote African valley, and takes part in a crocodile hunt. The Dassanech number about 13,000 and live throughout the delta area of the Omo River in various sized villages, spread over numerous islands. Although they consider themselves pastoralists, they also practice flood retreat cultivation on the vast expanses of the delta. Over the years, during periods of drought, the Dassanech hosted members of different tribes seeking relief from hunger. Thus their cultural practices aremore related those of the Kenyan Samburu and Rendille tribes with whom they share the custom of male and female circumcision.

The insect tribe

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In 2006, Donal travelled the world visiting remote tribes to learn about cultures far removed from our own (for his forthcoming series, ‘Edge of Existence’). In Papua New Guinea, Donal encountered the Insect Tribe of Swagap, who live deep in the jungle, far from civilisation. The tribe have a fascination with Britain and the West, and wanted to experience our world at first hand. Now they visit Britain for a fortnight to see a way of life quite unlike their own.

Return of the Tribe follows six members of the Insect Tribe as they hit Britain for a fortnight in 2007. Despite having never been on a jumbo jet, the first week is Donal’s view of Britain – St Pauls, The London Eye, the Underground, a landfill site and a pheasant shoot in Norfolk. The second week sees families on a Welsh sheep farm and a modern estate in Weston Super Mare hosting the tribe and providing a picture of British family life, with issues of farming, community, work, entertainment and the elderly all rolled in. The fortnight also sees much of the UK at a standstill when a foot of snow falls without much warning. How will tropical forest dwellers cope with snowballs?

Kjarkas – Bolivia

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Kjarkas is unquestionably the most representative group of Bolivia they don’t only managed to cross borders with their music but they also reach thousands of persons becoming part of their lives touching their harts and feelings. The Kjarkas emerged in 1965 from their beginnings they start to impose their own style creating a new way to interpret folkloric music being the ones that revolutionize the way of thinking and feeling of the folkloric music fans.

The Kjarkas in they’re beginnings
The group of Bolivian music Los K’jarkas born as a quartet that played all kind of folkloric music, specially Argentine Zambas, they played just as diversion and also impelled by an economic necessity. On the other hand, the musicians comment, in those times people wanted to listen to Argentine Zambas. But little by little spaces in wich “Los Kjarkasâ€? can play Bolivian music opened. They have presentations in and there is where the group acquires importance, they spread rates like: cuecas, huays, bailecitos, etc. The Kjarkas of those days were the 3 Hermosa brothers: Wilson, Castel and Gonzalo, Edgar Villaroel who became the guitarist and first voice joined the group. Shortly after three of the members left the group with the purpose of dedicate more time to their professions.

After a transition period Gonzalo Hermosa built Los Kjarkas again with new talents: Heda­ Carpio, Antonio Canelas and Alcides Mejia. Together they went along 10 years of trajectory, and perfectioned their art. They appeared in several scenes of La Paz city.

Kjarkas The legend begins

During these years Los Kjarkas started performing in several alternative events, and private parties. In 1975 they represented Bolivia in the folkloric musical festival in Brazil , turning this presentation into the first international performance of the group. In 1976, their first album Bolivia was recorded and released in Mexico City by the Heriba record company. This album includes nine singles, most of them composed by Gonzalo Hermosa, being Bolivia the most representative song, which became a second national anthem. The Kjarkas gradually began to gain popularity national and internationally. New members joined the group, among them two of the Hermosa brothers: Elmer Hermosa and Ulises Hermosa, Gastón Guardia, Guillermo Ponce and Edgar Villaroel. A new and fresh band arise, giving birth to songs composed by Ulises Hermosa that trough the years would become important themes in their musical trajectory. There is no doubt that there were two key elements for the success of the band: the exquisite voice of Elmer Hermosa and the interpretation of the wind instruments by Gaston Guardia.

Los Kjarkas through the years

The 70’s

1977

The band reaches the public with their second album Sue Milenario de los Andes.

During this year they begin performing in Europe, United States , South America and Japan .

The 80’s

1980

Their third album Condor Mallku is released. This album is characterized by the romantic tone included in the songs, moving away from the until then used lyrics and rhythm. At this point the influence and talent of the Hermosa brothers becomes remarkable.

1981

The proliferate production of Los Kjarkas continues , they released the album Desde el alma de mi pueblo . The band continues growing as Julio and Ramiro Zerda become members.

1984

Los Kjarkas are invited to the X Festival of Popular Music in Japan , where the composition of Ulises Hermosa “ Florecita Azul� is awarded 10 th place among more than 1.800 songs. This historical moment consolidates the band in Japan .

Towards the late 80′ s

By the end of this decade a mayor incident happens. A brazilian band releases a song in a lambada rhythm, this song reaches the highest positions on the international ratings. The problem was that this song was an original composition of Ulises Hermosa Llorando se fue. That song was registered by Los Kjarkas and after litigation the band was compensated. Also by the end of this decade Edwin Castellanos and Fernando Torrico join the band the played an important role on the history of Los Kjarkas, later they created a new band Tupay. In conclusion the decade of the 80′ marks the takeoff and the beginning of Los Kjarkas, nowadays the most famous group of Bolivia . They’re success is because of the solid beginning they had. During these years they composed several songs that are of great importance in the trajectory of the group such as: Wayayay, Imillitay, Oruro , Tiempo al tiempo, Chuquiago Marka, Solo, etc.

The 90’s

In 1992 the disease of Ulises Hermosa affected the musical group. Until that then continuous production of the Kjarkas decreased by the damaged health of Ulises, regretfully after a hard fight against the cancer Ulises passes away in the city of Huston , the U.S.A.

1993

In this year they release the album Hermanos in which the main song is Tarajachi, composed by Ulises Hermosa, but Gonzalo Hermosa wrote the lyrics. The same year is founded in Lima , Peru a musical school named Escuela Musical de Kjarkas. The purpose of this school is to spread the Andean culture and music, by teaching young people how to perform Andean instruments.

1994

The foundation La fundaci Kjarkas borns in Ecuador and Bolivia

1995

This is the year the Pacha Proyect peruses the same goals as the Kjarkas foundation but with this foundation they wanted to teach music to kids who have the talent for becoming artists

1997

The Kjarkas released their first video Por siempre This is a video of a live concert in the Presidente Hotel of La Paz city.

1999

Among the most important moments in the career of Los Kjarkas there is the called evento del siglo (the century event). In this concert they performed in front of 40.000 fans. This concert is considerate as one of the biggest and important presentation of the Bolivian band. The 90’s are characterized for the innovation, Eduardo Yaez, Alcides Mejia, Miguel Mengora, Ronaldo Malpartida y José Luis Morales join the band. They composed various important hits: “Mi pecado, Ave de cristal, La picara, A los 500 los y El líder de los humildes

XXI Century

Century XXI arrives loaded from surprises, innovation and changes for Los Kjarkas; they incorporate new young members to the band: Gonzalo Hermosa Jr, Lin Angulo and Makoto Shishido. This new members bring fresh ideas and talent. They help to compose songs such as: Saya sensual, Kamanchaca, Lecci de vida , Mentiroso, etc.

What does Kjarkas means?

The name Los Kjarkas born with the band, the protagonists of this musical adventure tells that on June 23 of 1971 (in the celebration of San Juan),Wilson, Castel, Gonzalo Hermosa and Edgar Villarroel decided to crate a musical group called Los Kjarkas, name that accompanies them until today.
The Kjarkas means: Force, Strength.

No Plan, No Peace

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“Iraq will be better,” declared Tony Blair five days after the fall of Saddam. “Better for the region, better for the world, better, above all, for the Iraqi people.” That contrasts starkly with the several hundred thousand dead and injured Iraqis, four million refugees inside and outside Iraq, 4,141 coalition soldiers who have died and the cost to the UK of well in excess of £5bn. Yet it’s now clear that Mr Blair knew before the invasion that America’s planning for post-war recovery was woefully inadequate – and so was Britain’s. There was no properly worked-out strategy for the key longer term objective of transforming it into a stable, prosperous nation that the Blair-Bush vision held out. We know this because Lady [Sally] Morgan, Mr Blair’s former political secretary, has said he was “tearing his hair out”, and his former foreign affairs adviser Sir David Manning has said he was “very exercised about it”.

The fact that Mr Blair feared the invasion aftermath might be heading for disaster is potentially more damaging to his reputation than his decision to put the full weight of his office behind the intelligence that Saddam had weapons of mass destruction. For that he had cover from the Secret Intelligence Service. What, then, is his defence to the charge that he recklessly continued with the invasion? His friends and advisers say his frustration stemmed from his inability to influence the Pentagon, under Donald Rumsfeld, on post-war planning. The hawkish defence secretary had required his generals to give America a “lite” footprint – a small invasion force that could be rapidly withdrawn afterwards. Does this defence stack up? It suggests that Mr Blair’s “hair tearing” did not begin until 20 January 2003 – just eight weeks before the invasion. It was only then that Mr Rumsfeld was put in charge of post-war planning, with a presidential directive establishing a reconstruction unit in the Department of Defense. Considering that the American General George C Marshall was given three-and-a-half years to plan the reconstruction of Germany after World War II, that’s leaving things dangerously late.

Quest for the Phoenicians

Join two scientists and an explorer as they travel to Lebanon to find out more about the ancient Phoenicians. The scientists are using genetics to determine the link between the current Lebanese population and the early Phoenicians—from bone excavations made. Meanwhile, the explorer tries to retrace the shipping and sailing routes of the Phoenicians who were aggressive explorers and discovered and conquered other Mediterranean lands.

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In their heyday, the Phoenicians dominated Mediterranean waters with commercial skills and seafaring force. Yet, 2000 years after the end of an empire, their legacy lies hidden. Who were the Phoenicians, how did they succeed, and what ultimately became of them? Most of what we know of the Phoenicians derives from scattered stories and artifacts. National Geographic joins three very different scientists, underwater explorer Dr. Robert Ballard, archaeologist Paco Giles, and geneticist Dr. Spencer Wells to separate fact from fiction and solve the mystery of the Phoenicians. Explore the tales of a maritime life long past; in vast caves, sunken vessels, and ultimately the blood of their descendent’s, a great empire reveals itself’s on a “Quest for the Phoenicians”.

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